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LASIK eye surgery
Lasik Eye Surgery Introduction
LASIK eye surgery is best for those who would prefer to discard their glasses or contact lenses forever. The term LASIK is actually an acronym for in situ keratomileusis. This is the most common surgical procedure used to correct refractive errors of the eye. It is also considered to be a safe and reversible procedure. It has gained great popularity because it works. The Food and Drug Administration in the U.S. have approved it as a cosmetic treatment for vision correction since 1995.
Correctible eye conditions
LASIK can correct eye problems such as astigmatism, myopia and hyperopia. However the effectiveness of the operation can depend on a lot of factors including the stability of the patient and the nature of the eyesight problem.
LASIK also corrects eye problems such as:
LASIK is one of those products that is always being developed so that postoperative vision can be improved.
The history of LASIK can be traced Professor Jose Ignacio Barraquer. This Columbia doctor was responsible for creating the myopic keratomileusis procedure in 1949. This process used a cryolathe for corneal refractive modifications.
The word keratomileusis comes from the Greek word keras meaning ‘horn-like’ and smileusis meaning carving. The name is applicable because the cornea is horn shaped in this case.
In 1964, another doctor named Krwawicz developed the surgical method of raising the corneal cap for removal of the central tissue. This came to be known as keratomileusis in situ. Another doctor named Pureskin refined the procedure 1967.
Later Dr. Luis Antonio Ruiz invented the microkeratome. This is an apparatus with gears that has automated the laser eye surgery operation. Automated procedures are known as lamellar keratoplasty or ALK.
The LASIK process
The LASIK procedure involves the lifting of the anterior flap of the cornea with a keratome and the application of an excimer laser to transform the stromal surface so that vision is corrected.
There are a few diagnostic points that need to be pointed out before the surgery:
Operative preparation and procedure
Before the operation is conducted your eye surgeon must ensure the following -
Benefits of LASIK include:
Drawbacks of LASIK are
The good news is that most complications due not pose a threat to the person’s eyesight.